A grammar of Japhug

Jacques, Guillaume 2021. A grammar of Japhug. Comprehensive Grammar Library 1. Berlin: Language Science Press. https://langsci-press.org/catalog/book/295

Blogposts about the grammar:
Lai Yunfan
Phyag rdor skyabs

Additional notes:
Egophoric 18-04-2021
Progressive and causative 07-06-2021
Basic colour terms 29-09-2021
Applicative and complement clauses 29-10-2021
The adverb pɤjkʰu 26-12-2021

List of errata: (Thanks to Li Shang 李上 and Liu Huiyong 刘慧勇)

General:

(a) add .poss between the person/number and the gloss -on, -dat and -inside (for instance 3sg-dat => 3sg.poss-dat)

(b) aor:3→3 => aor:3→3′

(c) be:aff => be.aff

Line-by-line corrections

p.36, (38) 1sg.poss-sbj:pcp-like => 1sg.poss-obj:pcp-like

p.40. during the  during the  => during the

p.64 before palatal and alveolo-palatal => after palatal and alveolo-palatal

p.69 ipfv.ipfv-be.called => ifr.ipfv-be.called

p.69 ipfv.ipfv-be.called => ifr.ipfv-be.called

p.91. (3) ipfv-ipfv => ipfv

p.102. does occurs => does occur

p.105, §4.3, (9) ‘He plugged both hid left and his right ears.’
hid => his

p.135 (59) genr-dat => genr.poss-dat

p.135 (60) Below ra tɯ-rkɯ: PL GENR.POSS-side

p.140 (78) pst.ipfv-stay-1sg => pst.ipfv-stay-1pl

p.146 (95)  See => She

p.146 (95) pst-sbj:pcp-be => pst.ipfv-sbj:pcp-be

p.171 (115) de –> DEM

p.181 (129) sens-2-be.aff => sens-2-be.aff-pl

p.186 (144) rake => basket

p.186 (144) “He borrowed a rake with a thread.” => “He borrowed a basket with a thread.”

p.191 (5) add be:FACT below ŋu

p.191 (4) exist =>not.exist

p.195 (17) FACT:can => can:FACT

p.197 (26) be.neededo => be.needed

p.201 (42),mɤxsi => mɤ-xsi

p.201 (42) neg-genr-know => neg-genr:know

p.202 (45) be.longFACT => be.long:FACT

p.202 (46) ɣɯ-tɕɤt => ɣɯ́-tɕɤt

p.202 (46) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.203 (50) I don’t who you are => I don’t know who you are

p.204 (53) compare it with a horse’s tail => compare it with a horse’s tail (to see) which is the longest

p.206 (62) 3sg.poss-grandfather => 2sg.poss-grandfather

p.206 (63) DUBIT => DUB

p.206 (64) PRES.EGOPH => PRS

p.207 (69) be:FACT => not.be:FACT

p.207 (70) AOR-go => AOR-go[II]

p.207 (70) each => easy

p.208 (73) NEG-know:GENR => NEG-GENR:know
a-grammar-of-japhug
p.208 (73) I don’t which => I don’t know which

p.210 SBJ:PCPbe.like => sbj:pcp-be.like

p.211 (83) inf-antipass-learn => inf-apass-learn

p.211 (83) sens-try.hard-pl => sens-try.hard

p.211 (83) 3sg.poss-right => 3pl.poss-right

p.211 (84) nɤ-me-a > nɤme-a

p.211 (84) do[III]:fact-1sg, put “fact” in small capitals, 2 times.

p.213 (89) ipfv-caus-caus-be.boiling[III] => ipfv-caus-be.boiling[III]

p.217 (104) ipfv-inv-indefinite~put => ipfv-inv-emph~put

p.218 (107) add “be:fact” after “ipfv-say-pl” (below ŋu) in two places in this example

p.219 (110) aor-sbj:pcp-emph~be.old => sbj:pcp-emph~be.small

p.219 (110) C-be.aff => sens-be.aff

p.219 (111) a-tɯci => a-tɯ-ci

p.220 (114) neg:sens-recognize => neg:sens-recognize-1sg

p.220 (115) ɯ-maʁ => ɯ́-maʁ

p.221 (116) ɯ-maʁ => ɯ́-maʁ

p.221 (118) ipfv-reach.into[III] => ipfv-caus-reach.into[III]

p.221 (118) sens-be.aff:fact => sens-be.aff

p.222 (121) ipfv.ifr-be:fact => ifr.ipfv-be

p.227 (136) 2sg.poss-cow => 2pl.poss-cow

p.227 (137) unexpect => unexp:deg

p.229 (141) neg-pst.ipfv-stay => neg-pst.ipfv-stay-1sg

p.231 (149) ipfv-say-1pl => ipfv-say-1sg

p.244 (24) ipfv-anticaus:attach => ipfv-acaus:attach

p.245 (26) tɤ-kɤ-sɯpa => tɤ-kɤ-sɯ-pa

p.346 (171) ɯ-mɤ-ɲɯ-tɯ-stu => ɯ-mɤ́-ɲɯ-tɯ-stu

p.253 (41) “dem” in small caps

p.253 (41) dem => gen (below ɣɯ)

p.255 (47) ɲɯ-ʑɣɤ-qɤr-nɯ => ɲɯ-ʑɣɤqɤr-nɯ

p.256 (49) nmzl:S/A-be.tall => sbj:pcp-be.tall

p.256 (49) nmzl:S/A-be.big => sbj:pcp-be.big

p.262 (66) sbj:pcp-anticaus:attach => sbj:pcp-acaus:attach

p.262 (66) exist:fact => not.exist:fact

p.269 (87) nɯ-kʰa => nɯ kʰa

p.275 (104) make => made

p.278 (112) below “tɕe” sens-be => lnk

p.278 (112) obj:pcpblique => obl:pcp

p.281 (120) pst.ipfv-walk-1sg => pst.ipfv-walk-1pl

p.281 Y+ɣ ‘ɣ years ago’ => Y-ɣ ‘ɣ years ago’

p.287 (132) below “ɲɯ-ɣi-a” add “ipfv:west-come-1sg”

p.287 (132) if would go => I would go

p.294 (2) Add the translation “Only then did the cat wake up.”

p.296 “in (9) the intransitive subject” => “in (8) the intransitive subject”

p.297 (10) ɯ-ɲɯ-tɯ-tso? => ɯ-ɲɯ́-tɯ-tso?

p.300 (19) c.poss-speech => indef.poss-speech

p.301 (25) Your elder sister => My elder sister

p.302 (28) ipfv-antipass-teach-ɕ => ipfv-apass-teach-1sg

p.306 (38) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.312 (59) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.316 (71) be.pointy => be.pointy:fact

p.321 (90) cold cold and hunger => neither cold nor hunger

p.322 (95) nmlz-antipass-teach=> nmlz-apass-teach

p.323 (§8.2.4.1) motion into, motion or from a place => motion into, or motion from a place

p.325 (105) antipass => apass

p.327 (110) cisl-ipfv:downstream-caus-but-pl => cisl-ipfv:downstream-caus-buy-pl

p.328 (115) pst.ipfv => ifr.ipfv

p.346 (171) ɯ-mɤ-ɲɯ-tɯ-stu => ɯ-mɤ́-ɲɯ-tɯ-stu

p.346 (175) appl-be.afraid[III]:fact-1sg => appl-be.afraid[III]:fact

p.347 (177) irr-pfv-2-can => irr-ipfv-2-can

p.352 table 8.2, thi => tʰi

p.356 (207) neg-ipfv.ifr-be.good => neg-ifr.ipfv-be.good

p.356 (207) neg-ipfv.ifr-be.bad => ifr.ipfv-be.bad

p.360 (222) add “dem” below nɯ

p.362 (230) 3sg.poss-mater => 3sg.poss-mate

p.373 (19) ipfv-anticaus:attach => ipfv-acaus:attach

p.374 (24) 3pl.poss => 2pl.poss

p.376 (29) 1sg.poss-wide => 1sg.poss-wife

p.377 (31) ifr-not.exist => ifr-not.exist-pl

p.386 (65) neg-aor-agree-1sg => neg-aor-agree-1pl be:aff lnk

p.387 (67) neg-ifr-anticaus:open => neg-ifr-acaus:open

p.390 (78) a.pass => apass

p.393 (89) exist:fact-1sg => exist:fact-1pl

p.396 (96) ifr => aor

p.397(100) dubit-auto-exist => dub-auto-exist

p.400 (107) sbj:pcp-antipass-learn => sbj:pcp-apass-learn

p.404 (125) aor:3→3′-auto-search => aor:3→3′-auto-search-1pl

p.406 (128) 3sg.poss-inside => 3sg.poss-on (under ɯ-taʁ)

p.408 (137)  ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.414 (156) ipfv-anticaus:make.fall => ipfv-acaus:make.fall

p.419 (171) its => it

p.422 (178) kɯ-xɕti => kɯ-xtɕi

p.432 (§10.1.2.7) 𝐶𝑓𝑉.𝐶𝑓ɯ.𝐶𝑓i => 𝐶i𝑉.𝐶𝑓ɯ.𝐶𝑓i

p.433 (14) sens-be.aff:fact => sens-be.aff

p.434 (18) ifr.ipfv-pro-hear => ifr.ipfv-prop-hear

p.444 (31) idph(II):kneeling => idph(III):kneeling

p.448 (42) “attic 3sg-inside ipfv:east-auto-put[III] lnk” => “attic ipfv:east-auto-put[III] lnk filler”

p.449 with one one => with one

p.449 located loser => located closer

p.451 (51) tɤ-sɤɕke => tɤ-sɤ-ɕke

p.462 (78) abouyt => about

p.465 (88a) ɣɯ-mtsɯɣ-a => ɣɯ́-mtsɯɣ-a

p.466 (92) ipfv-think[III] => ipfv-think[III]-1sg

p.474 excluding the autive… (add “the anticausative”)

p.476 (6) ɯ-ɲɯ-ra => ɯ-ɲɯ́-ra

p.490 (33) unexpected => UNEXP:DEG

p.500 (4) qu-X-have.time:fact => qu-epenth-have.time:fact

p.509 (§16.6.1 => (§16.6.1)

p.511 (25) add “be.aff:fact” under ɕti

p.513 (1) ɯ-mɤ-ta-ʑa, => ɯ-mɤ́-ta-ʑa,

p.513 (1) ɯ-mɤ-nɯ-mɯnmu => ɯ-mɤ́-nɯ-mɯnmu

p.521 (25) catchup => catch up

p.531 aroa-a-nɯ => aro-a-nɯ

p.533 (13) ɯ-ɲɯ-fse-a => ɯ-ɲɯ́-fse-a

p.536 (21) a-nɯ-tɯ-ɤnɯɣro-nɯ => a-nɯ-tɯ-ɤ<nɯ>ɣro-nɯ

p.538 (28) add GEN between “goat” and “3sg.poss-dung”.

p.540 (36) “The weather was very hot.”

p.540 six common properties => seven common properties

p.541, fn 9. neg-pcp:sbj-eat => neg-sbj:pcp-eat

p.543 31 different forms => 30 different forms

p.543 “These two-dimensional tables (…) list the subjects as rows and the objects as columns. => In these two-dimensional tables (…), each row corresponds to a particular person/number value for the transitive subject, and each column for the object

p.550 ɣɯ-/wɣ- prefix => ɣɯ́-/wɣ- prefix

p.551 (47) cisl-ipfv-2→1pl => cisl-ipfv-2→1-help-1pl

p.553 a-mɤ-jɤ-kɯ-phɣo => a-mɤ-jɤ-kɯ-pʰɣo

p.556 Table 14.12 ɣɯ- => ɣɯ́-, pɯ-wɣ- => pɯ́-wɣ-

p.561 (64) ipfv-inv-caus-release => ifr-inv-caus-release

p.566 (69) tɯmɯ => tɯ-mɯ

p.568 on the other hand, third persons possessed => on the one hand, third persons possessed

p.569 (78) neg-ifr-recognize => neg-ifr-inv-recognize

p.570 either in direct of inverse form, => either in direct or inverse form,

p.570 exist are however => exists are however

p.571 more obviative that any animate referent, => more obviative than any animate referent,

p.572 (85) aor-inv-caus-borrow => aor-inv-caus-borrow-pl

p.574 (92) and paragraph above: ɣɯ-tsɯm => ɣɯ́-tsɯm

p.579 (104) aor:3→3′-be.homogeneous => aor:3→3′-caus-be.homogeneous

p.580 (106) aor:3→3 => aor:3→3′

p.584 (118) meat => bone

p.586 (122) pl.p => topo

p.588 (125) ipfv-inv-plough => ipfv-genr:S/O-plough

p.589 (126) The [eagle] => [The eagle]

p.594 (138) a.part.from => apart.from

p.598 (151) ipfv.ipfv  => ifr.ipfv

p.600 §14.6.1.3 with a with first person => with a first person

p.601 3pl→3 form => 3pl→3‘ form

p.605 (172) erg => also

p.608 (180) aor-tread-pl => ipfv-tread-pl

p.608 (180) ɣɯ- => ɣɯ́-

p.610 (183) ɯ-ku- => ɯ-kú- (2 times)

p.610 (184) insert “3sg.poss-inside” below ɯ-ŋgɯ

p.610 (185) be.assert:fact => be.aff:fact

p.615 fn.42 -ŋ, -ŋ, and -ŋa => ŋ, -aŋ, and -ŋa

p.617 1→2-chase-sg => 1→2-chase

p.639 (33) The shooting star => [The shooting star]

p.644 (47) -gen:S/O- => -genr:S/O-

p.653 (75) pass-1sg => pass-1pl

p.656 (85) tral-ifr:down-put.in => ifr:down-put.in

p.658 (93) ifr:east-pull => ifr:east-pull-pl

p.663 (104) ipfv:up-sbj:pcp- => pfv:up-sbj:pcp- (2 times, with -be.hollow and -be.dried)

p.672 (131) ifr-be.born => ifr:up-be.born

p.675 when there this no => when there is no

p.676 (147) put commas after the indices (2x)

p.677 (150) ipfv:downstream-say => ipfv:downstream-say-pl

p.679 (155) aor:down-inv-give => aor:down-inv-give-1sg

p.681 (162) ifr- => ifr:downstream-

p.682 (166) ipfv:downstream-wrap => ipfv:downstream-inv-wrap (2x)

p.684 (171) transl- => tral-

p.684 (172) transl- => tral-

p.688 (181) pst.ifr-be.needed => ifr.ipfv-be.needed

p.689 (187) pst:ipfv-exist => ifr.ipfv-be

p.692 (193) add the first half of the translation: “I bring things [up] from China, and go and sell them in central Tibet.”

p.692 (194) streal => steal

p.694 do no have => do not have

p.696 (204) tral-aor-east-1pl => tral-aor-eat-1pl

p.703 (225) ɯ-maʁ => ɯ́-maʁ

p.705 (232) aor-come[II] => aor-come[II]-pl

p.706 (233) 1sg.poss-sbj:pcp-see => 2sg.poss-sbj:pcp-see

p.707 (236) 3sg.poss-do => 3sg.poss-sbj:pcp-do

p.708 (239) neg-aor-2→1-1sg => neg-aor-2→1-see-1sg

p.708 ofodal => of modal

p.709 (245) 1sg.poss-root => 2sg.poss-root

p.709 (245) 1sg.poss-life => 2sg.poss-life

p.714 “with all five prefixal slots filled” => “with more than four prefixes”

p.714 (such as †ɯ-ɣɯ-jɤ-kɯ-qru) => (such as †ɯ-mɤ-ɣɯ-jɤ-kɯ-qru)

p.722 (27) ipfv-genr:S/O => ipfv-genr:S/O-eat

p.724 (36) 2du-sbj:pcp-help => 2du.poss-sbj:pcp-help

p.726 “above, I consider” => “, I consider”

p.732 (54) 1sg-nmlz:P-know => 1sg.poss-obj:pcp-know

p.733 nɯ-mɤ-kɤ-cha => nɯ-mɤ-kɤ-cʰa

p.733 and orientation preverbs (58) => and orientation preverbs (59)

p.738 (72) remove “allium” in the gloss line

p.740 (78) ɯ-ɣɤʑu => ɯ-ɣɤ́ʑu

p.740 (78) have and questions => have any questions

p.740 postnominal relative => prenominal relatives

p.742 (86) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.744 (91) ɯ-ɣɤʑu => ɯ-ɣɤ́ʑu

p.746 (98) xinbaba => xinbada

p.748 (104) obj:pcpblique => obl:pcp

p.749 (105) obj:pcpblique => obl:pcp

p.755 (127) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.756 (128) obl:pcp-be.like => sbj:pcp-be.like (three times)

p.756 (128) obl:pcp-be.identical => sbj:pcp-be.identical

p.756 (128) neg-obl:pcp-eat => neg-sbj:pcp-eat

p.760 status contructus => bound state

p.761 belows => bellows

p.765 (149) nɤʁarphɤβ => nɤʁarpʰɤβ

p.770 (166) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.774 (177) top => dem

p.781 (201) C => lnk

p.782 (204) 3sg.poss- => 2sg.poss-

p.783 (205) 3sg.poss- => 2sg.poss-

p.792 is absorbed => is absorbed by

p.793 (227) pst.ipfv => ifr.ipfv (two times)

p.795 (231) tral-aor:3→3′ => tral-aor:3→3′-release

p.803 object of the main clause => subject of the main clause

p.805 (252) girl => little.girl

p.806 (256) purp => purp:conv

p.806 in 257) => in (257)

p.807 (257) conv:purp => purp:conv

p.807 (259) put-in => put.in

p.807 (260) conv:purp => purp:conv

p.829 (13) “inf” in small capitals

p.831 2sg as causee => 1sg as causee

p.832 (23) ɕlɯɣ => ɕ-lɯɣ

p.832 (24) 3→3 => 3→3′

p.833 paragraph above (26) pfv:3→3′ => aor:3→3′

p.833 (26) pfv:3→3′ => aor:3→3′3pl.poss => 2pl.poss

p.836 (33) ɯ-tɤ-tɯ-sɤ-pe-t => ɯ-tɤ́-tɯ-sɤ-pe-t

p.840 (45) 2sg.poss-mother => 1sg.poss-mother

p.840 (45) ipfv-2→1-caus-look-1sg => ipfv-2→1-caus-look-1pl

p.848 Table 17.7, remove redundant line (Antipassive z-rɤ- §18.6.9 appears twice)

p.856 (84) 3sg.poss-auto-scold => 3sg.poss-sbj:pcp-auto-scold

p.856 (84) 3sg.poss-laugh.at => 3sg.poss-sbj:pcp-laugh.at

p.856 (84) 3sg.poss-caus-be.stupid => 3sg.poss-sbj:pcp-caus-be.stupid

p.861 (95) 1sg.poss => 1pl.poss

p.863 (102) ɯ-ɲɯ-kɯ-nɤ-stu-a => ɯ-ɲɯ́-kɯ-nɤ-stu-a

p.863 (103) 1sg > 3sg (under ɯʑo)

p.865 (108) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.869 (118) ɯ-ɲɯ-tɯ-nɤ-xtɕi => ɯ-ɲɯ́-tɯ-nɤ-xtɕi

p.873 (125) 2sg.poss-in => 3sg.poss-in

p.876 (4) ipfv-peg-pass-attach-peg => ifr.ipfv-peg-pass-attach-peg

p.881 the former only occurs as => the latter only occurs as

p.883 (23) qu-peg-pass-eat:fact => qu-epenth-pass-eat:fact

p.885 (30) caus-become:fact-1sg => caus-become:fact-1pl

p.886 (32) To extract stone slabs, one has to chop
=> Extracting stone slabs is hard, one has to go and chop

p.888 (37) opt-exist:fact => rh.q-exist:fact

p.892 (46) ipfv-genr:S/O-refl-be.wrong => ipfv-genr:S/O-auto-be.wrong

p.892 (46) ipfv-genr:S/O-auto-be.right also => ipfv-genr:S/O-refl-be.right also

p.894 (37) opt-exist:fact => rh.q-exist:fact

p.906 (80) ɯ-pɯ-tɯ-sat => ɯ-pɯ́-tɯ-sat

p.906 (81) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.909 (88) be.aff:kill => be.aff:fact

p.909 (87) ɣɯ-sat => ɣɯ́-sat

p.912 (96) 1sg => 1pl

p.912 (96) 1sg.poss-speech => 1pl.poss-speech

p.914 Causativivization => Causativization

p.916 (102) ipfv-recip-talk-du => ipfv-recip-auto-talk-du

p.921 (104) 3pl.poss => 2pl.poss

p.921 (106) drop (remove small caps)

p.926 pɯ-nɯ-ŋgra => pɯ-nnɯ-ŋgra

p.937 (140) aor-apass-give-du => aor-apass-give-1du

p.940 (150) ipfv-be => pst.ipfv-be

p.946 3sg.poss-obl:pcp-antip-write => 3sg.poss-obl:pcp-apass-write

p.950 (170) ifr-inv-caus-appl-draw => ifr-inv-caus-apass-draw

p.955 (183) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.956 (187) kɯ-nɤ-ŋkɯ~ŋke => kɯ-nɤŋkɯŋke

p.958 (192) aor-go[II] => aor-sbj:pcp-go[II]

p.965 (213) pst.ipfv => ifr.ipfv

p.967 The anticausative derivation => The autive derivation

p.974 (24) ipfv:down-2→1-throw-1sg-pl => ipfv:down-2→1-auto-throw-1sg-pl

p.974 (24) neg-ipfv:down-auto-jump-1sg => ipfv:down-auto-jump-1sg

p.976 (33) nmlz:S/A => sbj:pcp

p.979 (40) aor:west:3→3 => aor:west:3→3′

p.980 (42) ipfv-caus-happen.to.be.at => ipfv-inv-caus-happen.to.be.at

p.983 (51) ipfv:east-2-chase[III] => ipfv:west-2-chase[III]

p.983 (51) ipfv:east-2-chase[III] => tral-ipfv:east-2-chase[III]

p.983 (51) add “be.needed:fact” below ra

p.983 (53) tʰɯ-a-nɯ-tsɯm => tʰa-nɯ-tsɯm

p.983 (53) aor-3→3′-auto-take.away => aor:3→3′-auto-take.away

p.984 (56) ipfv-auto-keep(2) => ipfv-auto-keep(2)-pl

p.988 (65) chonɤ => cʰonɤ

p.991 nɤsɲɯɲu => nɤsɲɯsɲu

p.1000 (91) ipfv-be.determined => ipfv-be.determined-1sg

p.1002 (97) add translation: ‘The girl stayed in the house, prepared meals for them, and did the housework.’

p.1004 (106) aor:3→3 => aor:3→3′

p.1013 wide => wife

p.1022 (15) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1026 (22) to be to be => to be

p.1026 (23) ɲɯ-ɲɟoʁ => ɲɯ-ɤ-ɲɟoʁ

p.1034 (34) rɯʁlɤwɯr => rɯ-ʁlɤwɯr

p.1035 (35) ipfv:downstream-denom-handspan => ipfv:downstream-inv-denom-handspan

p.1041 Table 20.10 intransitive => transitive

p.1046 (50) pst.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1048 (53) b. 3sg.poss-lunch => 2sg.poss-lunch

p.1057 (67) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1059 (73) pst.ipfv => ifr.ipfv

p.1060 The resemblance between the rɤ- applicative => The resemblance between the rɤ- antipassive
p.1102 (45) 2-come::fact => 2-come:fact

p.1074 Noun+Cerb => Noun+Verb

p.1078 (95) nɤpʰɯxtsɯ => nɤ-pʰɯ-xtsɯ

p.1079 (97) (ii) -BACK- remove small caps

p.1080 (iii.c) The two them disappeared => The two of them disappeared

p.1086 between Imperfective and Aorist => between Imperative and Aorist

p.1087 (6) qu-egoph-2-be.good => qu-prs-2-be.good

p.1091 (10) pfv:west-put => pfv:west-put-pl

p.1091 (10) ipfv-collect.Potentilla.anserina => ipfv-collect.Potentilla.anserina-pl

p.1094 (18) ipfv-1→-teach => ipfv-1→2-teach

p.1094 (18) ipfv-weave => ipfv-weave-1sg

p.1095 (23) [ILI] => [III]

p.1096 (28) 3pl.poss => 2pl.poss

p.1096 (29) ɯ-ɲɯ-nɯkɯmaʁ-a => ɯ-ɲɯ́-nɯkɯmaʁ-a

p.1098 (35) ifr-peg-become-peg => ifr-peg-become

p.1101 (42) ideo:stat: => idph(II):

p.1102 (46) ɣɯ-sat-a => ɣɯ́-sat-a

p.1103 (49) rest:fact-1sg => rest:fact-1pl

p.1113 (85) egop-rest-1pl => prs-rest-1pl

p.1115 (93) prs-be.good => prs-be.good-pl

p.1115 termed ‘broad egophoric’ by => termed ‘broad egophoric’

p.1118 (106) aor-pass-1sg => aor-pass-1pl

p.1122 (118) irr-neg-2-listen[III] => irr-neg-pfv-2-listen[III]

p.1123 (120) sbj:pcp-emph~ => sbj:pcp-emph~
be.many

p.1129 (139) ɯ-ɣɤʑu => ɯ-ɣɤ́ʑu

p.1129 (141) 1sg.poss-root => 2sg.poss-life

p.1129 (141) 1sg.poss-life => 2sg.poss-life

p.1136 (166) add “3sg.poss-apple pl” under “ɯ-paχɕi ra”

p.1139 (173) aor:down-2-vert-come[II] => aor:down-2-vert-come[II]-pl

p.1139 (174) ipfv-vert-go-1sg => ipfv-vert-go-pl

p.1145 last paragraph, kó-wɣ-ndo (aor-inv-take) => kó-wɣ-ndo (ifr-inv-take),

p.1148 (202) tɯ-tɯɣɟaβ => tɯ-tɯ-ɣɟaβ

p.1152 (215) -cause- => -caus-

p.1152 some stative transitive verbs with => some stative transitive verbs

p.1160 (234) sens-prog-auto-wait => sens-prog-inv-auto-wait

p.1162 (238) ɯ-ngɯ => ɯ-ŋgɯ

p.1163 (243) -sɯɣɯt => -sɯ-ɣɯt

p.1163 (243) aor:east-2-caus-bring (aor:east- in small capitals, 2 times)

p.1168 (259) sens-be => sens-be.aff

p.1170 (262) apprehensive- => appr-

p.1170 (263) ifr-think => ifr-think-pl

p.1171 (265) apprehensive- => appr-

p.1173 (271) NEG-GENR:know:FACT => NEG-GENR:know

p.1176 (279) worry/about => worry.about

p.1180 in the Non-Past => in the Non-Past Factual

p.1184 (304) 2-be.happy:fact => 2-be.happy:fact-pl

p.1189 (8) aor:east-go[II] => aor:east-go[II]-du

p.1190 (11) tʰa-nɯtsɯm => tʰa-nɯ-tsɯm

p.1193 (23) 2du.poss-sbj:pcp-herd => 2pl.poss-sbj:pcp-herd

p.1195 (28) think => think[III]

p.1198 (39) aor:east-go[II]-1sg => aor:east-go[II]-1pl

p.1200 (46) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1206 (68) be:aff => be.aff:fact

p.1206 ergative is located before ʁɟa => ergative is located after ʁɟa

p.1207 (71) 1sg.poss-together => 2sg.poss-together

p.1209 (81) (glosses) completely transportation => transportation completely

p.1210 (82) ɣɯ-znɯzdɯxpa-j => ɣɯ́-znɯzdɯxpa-j

p.1210 (82) ɣɯ-lɤt-i => ɣɯ́-lɤt-i

p.1217 (105) add the gloss a.little under “ci”

p.1220 ʑɣɤ-ɣɤme => ʑɣɤ-ɣɤ-me

p.1220 (115) sens-be.aff:fact => sens-be.aff

p.1222 (119) ɣɯ-tsʰi => ɣɯ́-tsʰi

p.1223 (122) ɣɯ-nɯ-tsɯm => ɣɯ́-nɯ-tsɯm

p.1242 (158) be.aff:fact => be.aff:fact-1sg

p.1242 (158) not.be:fact => not.be:fact-1sg

p.1251 (187)a tral-aor-auto-bring-pst:tr => tral-aor-2-auto-bring-pst:tr

p.1251 (188) neg-ifr.ipfv-stay => ifr.ipfv-stay (below “pjɤ-rɤʑi”)

p.1252 (192) ipfv–1sg => ipfv–laugh-1sg

p.1253 (195) b. remove “emph” in the gloss line

p.1253 (197) lnk not.exist:fact => not.exist:fact lnk

p.1254 (198) 2pl.poss => 3pl.poss

p.1264 (19) add “be:fact” under ŋu

p.1270 (36) add “dem” under “nɯ”, move all glosses to the right until “lnk”, remove one of the two “lnk” from the gloss line.

p.1276 (53) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1276 (53) remove tɕe

p.1282 (72) Rebracketting: [ before saŋrɟɤz rather than tɤ-tɕɯ

p.1283 (73) b. 2sg- => 1sg-

p.1283 (73) c. 2sg-obj:pcp-antip-teach => 1sg-obj:pcp-apass-teach
remove “what”

p.1287 (86) ipf => ipfv

p.1288 (88) seve- => sens- (2 times)

p.1288 (88) seve-be.aff => sens-be.aff

p.1288 (89) put ɯ-sɤz-rɤkrɤz and ɯ-kɯ-qur in square brackets

p.1289 (92) 1sg.poss-obl:pcp => 1sg.poss-obl:pcp-apass-ask

p.1291 (99) put “broad beans” in brackets

p.1295 111) => (111)

p.1300 (125) put ɯ-kɤ-ndza in square brackets

p.1300 (128) 2sg.poss-obl:pcp-be.many => 3sg.poss-obl:pcp-be.many

p.1298, Table 23.1, add a tick in the slot kɯ-/ɡoal

p.1301 (130) ifr.ipfv-be.add => ifr.ipfv-be.aff

p.1301 (131) remove one of the two “3sg.poss-mother” in the gloss line

p.1301 (last paragraph), kɯ-pe ‘what is bad is that…’ => mɤ-kɯ-pe ‘what is bad is that…’

p.1302 (135) imp:upstream-vert-turn.back => imp:upstream-vert-turn.back-pl

p.1317 (16) inf:stat~be.small => inf:stat-emph~be.small

p.1319 (§24.5.3.1. => (§24.5.3.1).

p.1319 (22) -1sg => -1pl

p.1320 (§27) => (27)

p.1322 (§sec:fsp.attitude). => (§\ref{sec:fsp.attitude}).

p.1323 (35) ARO => AOR

p.1325 (39) PST.IPFV => IFR.IPFV

p.1326 (40) ɯ-ɲɯ-tɯ-sɯsɤm => ɯ-ɲɯ́-tɯ-sɯsɤm

p.1326 §10.4.4). => (§10.4.4).

p.1329 (50) able fly => able to fly

p.1332 (60) remove “lnk”

p.1334 Ambiguity between finite or participial relative clauses on the one hand, and finite and infinitival complement clauses on the other hand, => Ambiguity between relative clauses on the one hand, and complement clauses on the other hand,

p.1334 (67) PDV => PFV

p.1336 (73) ifr:upstream-go => ifr-go

p.1337 (76) 3sg.poss-lead => 3sg.poss-sbj:pcp-lead

p.1340 or to be in the subject participle form itself. => or to be in the subject participle form.

p.1340 (85) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1341 (86) cʰɯ́ -wɣ-ndʑɯr => cʰɯ́ -wɣ-ɣndʑɯr

p.1341 (87) indef.ipfv => ifr.ipfv

p.1342 jɤ- ja- => jɤ- / ja-

p.1342 add ”(from §\ref{sec:simultaneous.action.nominal})“ after “as in (214)”

p.1342 (90) below ˈjlɤkrɯˈ DEM:PL => basket

p.1342 (90) below ˈnɯˈ basket => DEM:PL

p.1343 (91) make:PST:TR => make-PST:TR

p.1343 (95) INF-INV => IPFV-INV

p.1344 (96) add (elicited)

p.1344 (97) say => say[II]

p.1348 (109) 3sg.poss-on > 2sg.poss-on

p.1351 (119) remove “lnk”

p.1351 causative (§17.3) causative =>  (§17.3) causative

p.1354 (131) pfv:up-2→-take.away => pfv:up-2→1-take.away

p.1355 remove “, in addition to finite complements in the Imperfective,”

p.1355 (\ref{ex:kAnWrAZi.jAG}, \ref{ex:YWkhama.jAG}) => (\ref{ex:kAnWrAZi.jAG}),\footnote{See also (\ref{ex:YWkhama.jAG}) in §\ref{sec:intransitive.invariable}.}

p.1359 (150, §24.2.1) => (150, see also §24.2.1)

p.1359 (151, 152, §24.2.3),=> (151, 152, see also §24.2.3),

p.1360 (152) irr-cisl-invite-1sg => irr-cisl-pfv-2→1-invite-1sg

p.1365 “without elision would χpɤltɕɯn kɯ kɤ-mtsɯɣ pjɤ-rɲo ‘Dpalcan has been stung (by a wasp) before’.” => “without elision would would be (\ref{ex:kAmtsWG.pjArYo}).”

p.1365 “but can be interpreted as expressing” => “and could also mean `Dpalcan has bitten it (previously)’. There is here ”

p.1366 (170) aor-experience-1sg => aor-experience-pst:tr-1sg

p.1367 eastwards in (173) => westwards in (173)

p.1367 (176) sbj:pcp-kill => obj:pcp-kill

p.1368 (179) remove “dem”

p.1369 (182) add “at.all” below “maka”

p.1370 “never indexed” => “not usually indexed”

p.1370 “stu can also index as object the object of the verb in the infinitival clause” => “indexing the object of the infinitival clause is also possible”

p.1370 Deixis manner verbs => Similative manner verbs

p.1370 as in( §24.4.4). => as in §24.4.4.

p.1370 remove example (189)

p.1371 (192) unexpected => unexp:deg

p.1372 (195) kɯ-ndɯ-ndɯβ => kɯ-ndɯ~ndɯβ

p.1373 (after “‘prepare to 𝑋 ’”, first paragraph after 198) ( 198). =>   (198).

p.1374 a possessor => the possessor

p.1377 (207) ]] => ]

p.1378 (211) come[III] => come

p.1378 (212) iɕqʰa [χpɯn => [iɕqʰa χpɯn

p.1385 (4) aor:3→3′-plough => aor:3→3′-plough-pl

p.1385 (4) aor:3→3′-dig => aor:3→3′-dig-pl

p.1386 (7) ipfv-reach.into[III] => ipfv-caus-reach.into[III]

p.1391 (18) add “filler” under “nɤki”, shift all glosses to the right, and “dem loc” => dem:loc under “nɯtɕu”

p.1392 (20) in the glosses “all” to be put in lower case.

p.1393 (23) ipfv-inv-burn => ipfv-inv-auto-burn

p.1393 (24) nɯfse => [nɯfse

p.1394 (25) remove “sbj:pcp-be.like” and shift the glosses to the left

p.1394 (27) add “nɤ” between “[pa-n-nɤla]” and “ɕe-a”, above “lnk”

p.1394 (27) change the gloss of “ɕe-a”: ipfv:go-1sg => go:fact-1sg

p.1395 (28) 3→3 => 3→3′

p.1395 (30) be:fact => be.aff:fact

p.1399 (42) dem => dem:pl, a “a.little” under “ci”, remove “lnk” at the end of the gloss line

p.1400 (45) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1403 (55) remove the first two item in the gloss line “lnk ipfv-tie.up-pl” and shift the rest to the left.

p.1403 (55)

p.1408 (73) be.good => be.good:fact

p.1408 (73) aor-be.like-1sg => aor-be.like-1pl

p.1408 (73) ipfv:downstream-inv-drink.with.a.straw-1sg => ipfv:downstream-inv-drink.with.a.straw-1pl

p.1409 (75) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1411 (83) had => hand

p.1412 (86) pst.ipfv-be-1sg => pst.ipfv-be.aff-1sg

p.1416 (96) purp:conv => purp:conv-catch.a.cold

p.1416 (98) in-want.from => inf-want.from

p.1417 (101) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1418 (102) b. dem => dem:pl

p.1420 (108) history record => history.record
“ipfv-2-make[III] be:aff:fact” under “pjɯ-tɯ-βze ɕti”, “later” under “tɕetʰa”, “dem unexp:deg” under “nɯnɯ rcanɯ”, remove “lnk”

p.1420 (108) ɣɯ-nɤmqe-a-nɯ => ɣɯ́-nɤmqe-a-nɯ

p.1421 (112) 1sg => 1pl

p.1422 (115) neg-apprehensive-can => neg-appr-can

p.1423 (119) pcp:sbj => sbj:pcp

p.1425 (124) “comp” in small capitals, “higher” => “bigger”

p.1427 (130) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1428 (133) 3sg.poss-make => 3sg.poss-sbj:pcp-make

p.1429 (136) neg-eat:fact => neg-eat[III]:fact

p.1429 (136) ipfv-eat => ipfv-eat[III]

p.1429 (137) ɣɯ-nɯzdɯɣ-a-nɯ => ɣɯ́-nɯzdɯɣ-a-nɯ

p.1435 (14) ifr-peg-recip:scold-du-evd => ifr-peg-recip:scold-du-peɡ

p.1439 mɯ́j-cha-a => mɯ́j-cʰa-a

p.1442 between the two referents as in (40) => between the two referents as in (41)

p.1447 (58) shift “naχtɕɯɣ tsa” to the right (adding \phantom{espace})

p.1450 (66) be.broad => be.broad:fact

p.1452 (72) ipfv-eat => ipfv-eat (two instances)

p.1452 (75) 3sg.poss-nmlz:deg-denom:similative-easy => 3sg.poss-nmlz:deg-easy

p.1452 (75) sens-be.like.grass => sens-denom:similative-grass

p.1454 (79) 3sg.poss-appl-like => 3sg.poss-obj:pcp-appl-like

p.1455 (83) surprise => interj:surprise

p.1461 (3) ipfv-genr-auto-say => ipfv-genr-say under tu-kɯ-ti (two instances)

p.1465 (8) add “be:fact” under “ŋu”, shift the glosses to the right

p.1471 (23) remove “dem” under “pa-rtsɯz-nɯ”, shift two glosses to the left, add “again” under “li”

p.1473 (26) add “lnk” under “tɕe”, shift the glosses to the right

p.1477 (36) ipfv.ifr => ifr.ipfv

p.1477 (36) ifr.ipfv-be => ifr.ipfv-be.aff

 

Carnet de recherches d'un linguiste de terrain